The method of sculpting and cutting decorative designs into glass was achieved by the use of a Copper Wheel Crystal Engraving Lathe. A vast array of spindled copper and stone grinding wheels of varying size and form could be attached to the lathe to create the desired cut-glass incisions.
The glass was very carefully hand held and manoeuvred as it made contact with the grinding wheels. This was a very skilled, precise and incredibly time consuming technique, but the results could be spectacular, with decorative three dimensional surfaces creating brilliant light refractive effects.
Both ladies and gentleman’s dressing cases and vanity boxes often featured cut glass designs to the bottles and jars. These cut glass techniques tended to be a lot more fancy and ornate in the ladies’ examples, often using a style that is commonly referred to as ‘Hobnail’ cut glass.